The traditional way of preparing and enjoying yerba mate tea is by using a gourd and a bombilla. Yerba mate tea gourd was originally developed by the Guarani people of South America. The traditional gourd is made from a fruit of a gourd vine, a calabash squash, which vary in shape and size and possess a very hard shell. The gourd plant belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae.
In addition to the traditional gourd, there are many different types of gourds that can be made from various materials. Mate gourds also come in different shapes. A round gourd is usually a small one used by a single person. A “neck” gourd is typically a larger one, which can be passed around in a mate circle. There are also cylinder-shaped gourds, which are often made from bamboo and used mainly for drinking tereré (ice-cold mate tea).
In the next chapter, I will tell you what kind of gourds are typically used in each country. Later in this article, I will introduce the different types of gourds and their properties.
Gourds in Different Countries
The calabash gourds used in Argentina are usually quite thin and light and the gourd material is hard both inside and out. The gourds don’t have a rim and are round shaped. The gourds in Uruguay and Paraguay tend to be similar to the ones in Argentina.
In Brazil, a mate gourd is called cuia, and it is often bigger than in other countries. Also, the shape of the gourd is different, as it has a wide brim. The inside of the gourd is usually softer, and the sponge-like inner surface absorbs some flavors of mate tea, enhancing the tasting experience.
Calabash – The Traditional Mate Gourd
This is the most popular version of a mate gourd. As explained earlier, they are made from the shell of calabash fruit by drying and curing it. This type of gourd actually enhances the taste of your yerba mate tea by absorbing and releasing flavors.
You can buy an original handcrafted calabash gourd with a silver ring from Amazon (the set also includes a bombilla). Click on the image below to find this gourd in Amazon:
Ceramic Gourd – Stylish and Convenient
Ceramic gourds are quite popular because they often look very nice and it is easy to clean them. They can be found in any shape or size and with added decorative engravings. A ceramic gourd is very durable (unless you drop it) and can be washed in a dishwasher machine.
Here is a very nice looking ceramic gourd (available on Amazon):
Wooden Gourd – Nice and Classy
Wooden yerba mate gourds usually have a flat bottom which makes them easy to use. They are also easy to clean and there is no need for curing the gourd before the first use. A wooden gourd is a good choice for a beginner. They often come wrapped with metal to make them more durable. Wooden gourds can also add a nice flavor to the mate tea.
Here is a nice wooden gourd with a steel bombilla:
Horn Gourd – Guampa
A horn gourd, or guampa, is a traditional gourd made from cattle horn. These types of gourds are traditionally used in Paraguay and are made from hollowed-out bull’s horn. These types of gourds are not easy to find online – but you can travel to Paraguay to find a large selection of them!
Surprisingly, you can also buy a bull’s horn gourd from Amazon:
Glass and Metal Gourds – Easy to Maintain
Yerba mate tea gourd can also be made from tempered glass or metal. Glass and metal gourds are durable and easy to clean. Some glass gourds are wrapped in leather for thermal insulation so that you would not burn your hand when holding it. A glass or a metal gourd is a good choice for beginners!
Stainless steel gourd (with bombilla):
Glass gourd (with bombilla):
Glass gourd wrapped in leather (with bombilla):
How to Take Care of Your Yerba Mate Tea Gourd
Now that you know what different types of yerba mate gourds are available, it is up to you to choose the type of gourd that you like. Whether you want to have a simple gourd that is easy to maintain or a decorative and classy gourd, it is a matter of personal preference.
I have tried many types of gourds and it’s hard to choose one favorite. For daily use its nice to have a traditional calabash gourd that gives an enhanced flavor or a practical ceramic or metal gourd, that is easy to clean. It is also nice to have at least one bigger and more decorated gourd for special occasions such as a gathering of friends and family, or other parties.
Below is a table with different types of mate gourds and their short descriptions:
|Calabash Gourd||Traditional gourd made from the shell of calabash fruit. Needs to be cured before using.|
|Wooden Gourd||Easy to use. Adds nice flavor.|
|Ceramic Gourd||Easy to clean and durable.|
|Horn Gourd||Traditional gourd made from cattle horn.|
|Glass Gourd||Easy to clean and durable.|
|Metal Gourd||Easy to clean and durable.|
If you have a traditional calabash gourd you need to cure it first before using it for the first time. Put some dried yerba mate in the gourd and fill it with water. Let it be like this for at least two days. Then pour the liquid out (do not drink it, throw it away!) and clean the gourd with hot water. Then, let the gourd dry for about two days.
If you have a wooden gourd you might want to rub the inside with some oil and let it sit for some time. The oil will prevent the wood from drying out too much.
With all types of gourds, it is best to clean them each time after use and then let the gourd dry. Never put boiling water in your yerba mate gourd! The gourd may crack and boiling water is too hot for brewing yerba mate tea.
With a nice and well-maintained gourd, you can have many memorable sessions and enjoy your yerba mate tea for many years!
I hope this article was useful to you. If you have any questions or comments please post them in the comments section below.
You can find some of my yerba mate tea reviews in this article: Yerba Mate Tea Reviews – 5 Popular Brands.